## Limit of a sequence

Let be a continuous function and be the set of all positive integers such that there exists such that Prove that is infinite and evaluate the limit ## A factorial limit

Let denote the factorial of a real number; that is . Evaluate the limit: Solution

It holds that where denotes the -th harmonic number and the Euler – Mascheroni constant.

## Linear isometry

Let . If:

• • for all then prove that is linear.

Solution

For convenience, identify with here. Then note that for any such function , also a solution for any point on the unit circle. Also is a solution. Note that and hence we can wlog assume that . So is a point on the unit circle with distance to . Hence , so w.l.o.g. assume that . But then for any , both and have the same distance to and . So supposing , all lie on the perpendicular bisector between these points and in particular and are collinear which clearly is absurd. Hence for all which proves the claim.

## Zeta logarithmic series

Let denote the zeta function. Prove that Solution ## Mellin transform integral

Evaluate the integral: Solution

We are evaluating the Mellin transform of the function . where is the Euler’s Gamma function. Hence, where is the Euler – Mascheroni constant and is the digamma.

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